ARCHIVED: Using Windows, how do I force a group policy to be applied?

Updating windows server 2003

Introduction to Group Policy, time: 4:43

Configuring Automatic Updates [Hack 86] is a lot of work if you have to do it separately on every machine on your network. Fortunately, in an Active Directory environment, you can use Group Policy to simplify the job. Then, add the wuau. This is done as follows note that 2000 steps are unnecessary if you winrows Windows Server Begin by expanding Computer Configuration to show Administrative Templates. Let's dig into windows the various settings in Figure mean.

The options here are the same as the options available when you manually configure the feature using Control Panel's Automatic Updates utility Windows or System utility Windows Server and Windows Windkws ; pklicy to Figure for details. The next group, "Specify intranet Microsoft update service location," applies only if you plan on using Software Update Services SUS to deploy updates. The "Reschedule Automatic Updates schedule installations" option determines the time that Automatic Policy will wait after the computer restarts before installing updates that have already been policy and are past the scheduled time for installation.

Value ranges from 1 to 60 values are in minutes ; the default is 1 if the setting is not configured and 5 when the policy is enabled.

By disabling this policy, the installation of overdue updates is deferred until updating next scheduled installation day and time. Finally, "No auto-restart for scheduled Automatic Updates installations" determines whether the logged-on user will be forcibly logged off in order to complete the installation process when a reboot is required. Enabling the policy means that machines will not be forcibly rebooted. While this would seem like a good idea so users won't lose their workit does have a downside: Automatic Updates won't be able to check the Windows Update web site for new updates until the machine is rebooted.

Enabling these policy settings will override any configuration of Automatic Updates that was done locally using Control Panel and will prevent you from 20000 such changes locally, even as an administrator the options in the properties sheet of Figure would be grayed out. However, changing these policy settings back to Not Configured will restore the manual settings previously configured for Automatic Updates though a reboot is required.

If you want to configure different Automatic Updates policies for different users or computers, either windows multiple GPOs, link each to a different OU, and upating users and computers into these OUs accordingly, or filter the GPO settings to prevent their inheritance by specific users, computers, or groups.

You can also check the Updating log in Event Viewer if you want to see whether the machine has been rebooted to install scheduled updates. Look for the following Event IDs:. Until this computer has been restarted, Windows cannot search for or download new updates. There's another policy that controls how Automatic Updates works, but it's not found under Computer Configuration. This policy prevents the currently logged-on user from opening the Windows Update web site in Internet Explorer, in order to manually download and install updates on 2000 machine.

Actually, when you open updating. Enabling this policy also has the effect of preventing Automatic Updates from notifying users when new updates are ready to install. In other words, no notification icon will appear in the status area to inform you that updates are ready to install. Finally, group local administrators on the machine are affected policy this policy!

And domain administrators are affected too! So, why would you want to use updatinv policy? While it prevents users from visiting Windows Update or interacting with Updatinf Update, it doesn't prevent Automatic Updates from operating if the feature has been configured at the computer level by policy the policies discussed in the previous windows. This is because this setting is a per-user policy, not a per-machine one, so it affects only users; it office 2007 online calendar not updating affect configuration done at the updating level.

Enabling this policy might be a good idea, because it prevents users from trying to download and install updates on their own, even if they have administrative privileges. But my own windows is that it also works on Windows While this policy prevents users from using the Windows Update site, it still leaves the Windows Update icon in the Start menu, tempting 2000 to explore and see what it does. This removes even users' temptation to try policy keep their machines up-to-date plicy themselves.

Windoss would do well to use such policies and to explore similar restrictions on user activity provided by Group Policy. Toggle navigation. See group. Figure Some Recommendations If you want to updating different Automatic Updates policies group different users or computers, either create multiple GPOs, link each to a different OU, and place 2000 and computers into these OUs accordingly, or filter the GPO settings to prevent their inheritance by specific users, computers, or groups.

Remember the name: eTutorials. Windows Server Hacks. About the Author. Foreword: I'm a Sci-Fi freak. Why Windows 2000 Hacks? Getting and Using the Scripts. How to Use This Book. How This Book Updating Organized.

Conventions Windows in This Book. Using Code Examples. How to Contact Us. Got a Hack? Chapter 1. General Administration. Hacks Hack 2 Drag and Drop to the Run Menu. Hack 5 Wait updating and Optionally Terminate a Process. Windows 6 Shut Down a Remote Computer. Hack 7 Rename Mapped Drives.

Hack 10 Extend Group Policy. Hack group Disable EFS. Hack 12 Get Event Log Information. Hack 13 Shortcut to Remote Assistance. Hack 14 Desktop Checker. Hack 15 2000 Five Tools. Hack 16 myITforum. Chapter policy. Active Directory. Hack 22 Display Active Directory Information. Chapter 3. User Management. Hack 25 Search for Domain Users. Hack 27 Get a List of Disabled Accounts. Hack 28 Get User Account Information. Hack 29 Check for Passwords that Never Expire.

Hack 35 Put group Logoff Icon on the Desktop. Chapter 4. Networking Services. Hack 36 Manage Services on Remote Machines. Hack 38 Troubleshoot DNS.

Hack 45 Use netsh to Change Configuration Settings. Hack 46 Remove Orphaned Network Cards. Chapter 5. File and Print. Hack 48 Policy Network Drives. Hack 50 Display a Directory Tree. Hack 51 Automate Printer Management. Chapter 6. Hack 54 Back Up the Metabase. Hack 55 Group the Metabase. Hack 56 Map the Metabase. Hack 57 Metabase Hacks. Hack 58 Hide the Metabase. Hack 60 Run Other Web Servers.

Chapter 7. Hack 63 Updatting RIS. Hack 64 Tune RIS. Hack 65 Customize SysPrep. Hack 2000 Wndows Installation of Windows Components. Chapter 8.

Updating windows server 2003 to r2

For the experienced or novice Group Policy Administrator this article will serve as an important reference in optimizing and stabilizing your Group Policy Deployment.

It is also important for desktop support staff to understand how Group Policy works and how to identify when Group Policy Objects GPOs are not being applied properly. Situations might exist where GPOs were created by other support staff or even outside consultants. There exists a need to properly read, deploy, and examine the results of Group Policy.

By its architecture, Group Policy Deployment to the Clients or Servers can be erratic and latent, or even non-existent throughout your Enterprise Organization, frustrating Administrators who are rolling out the Group Policy to Client or Server computers.

To help mitigate this behavior, I have compiled these insights from real-world examples, experiences, and fixes that have worked for me. I know that these Tips and Tricks will work for you, too.

Maybe not the one you thought. This tool is a free download to Windows operating systems. It is a built-in tool on Windows operating systems and included in the free download toolkit for Windows 7 machines. Take a look at Figure 1. The five operations master roles will be shown in one list. If you choose to transfer the role to another DC, you can accomplish it from here with a just a couple more mouse clicks.

So here's the "catch". Which DC are you updating? Go see. You will see that it's set for the PDC emulator by default. You will have to wait until your local DC gets the change. This becomes more of an issue as AD Site configuration grows larger and replication between sites is customized.

This way the DC closest to you will be updated with the group policies setting you are trying to roll out. Figure 1. I will assume all networking is functioning as it should and DNS name resolution is behaving properly. That said, if your computer won't refresh the group policy not matter what you do, it could be that the client thinks it downloaded it already. Refer to Figure 2 to see the version number for the GPO in question.

The idea here is to increment the version number in order to force the client to reread the group policy. Edit the particular GPO you are trying to deploy to clients and make an insignificant change; any change will work as long as you enable or disable something that won't have a negative impact to your organization. One caveat: get the GPMC to increment and show the new version number as it will not do so automatically.

Your version number for the User Version or Computer Version will increment appropriately. And by the way, this number needs to be consistent across all your DCs. Figure 2: Details of a GPO. This is known as the Group Policy History inside the Registry of the local client computer. In that case, you can try deleting the registry location on the client to force the client to refresh the policies.

Figure 3 shows the Regedit tool the on client opened to the registry location of the unique Contoso. There is a great web link on the support site at Microsoft that gives an explanation of the unique GUID numbers under the History key in the registry.

The problem with this is that Group Policy processing on client computers is Asynchronous. Typically, client computers do not wait for the network to initialize fully at startup and logon. The client computers logon existing users by using cached credentials, which results in a shorter logon period. Windows applies Group Policy in the background after the network becomes available. The exception to this is if a user with a roaming profile, home directory, or user-object logon script logs on to a computer.

The computer always waits for the network to initialize before completing the logon. If a user has never logged on to the computer before, the computer always waits for the network to initialize, because there are no cached credentials, but this is not generally the case. To mitigate this, there is a Group Policy that you can set called Always wait for the Network at Computer Startup and Logon that, as Microsoft's explains will "guarantee the application of Folder Redirection, Software Installation, or roaming profile settings in just one logon.

For most policy settings, the GPO with the highest precedence and that contains the specific settings determine the setting's final value. For a few settings, the final value is actually a cumulative combination of all GPOs linked, including the local Group Policy. GPOs that Windows processes last have the highest precedence. In this processing order, Windows 7 applies local GPOs first, but they have the least precedence.

Windows processes OUs last, and they have the highest precedence. Several Group Policy options can alter this default inheritance behavior.

These options include. Changing the Link Order has no effect unless GPOs that link to the same location have conflicting settings. You can use the move up button on the left side of the Linked GPOs tabs.

The link order has been arranged so GOP 3 has the highest precedence. You typically enforce a GPO to ensure that computers use company-wide settings and that departmental administrators do not override these settings by creating a new GPO. Note that Enforced GPO links will always be inherited. You typically use blocking inheritance to allow a department to manage Group Policy settings separate from the rest of the organization. In another words, it shows which GPO was applied and where it deployed from.

This has been the storage area as far back as I can remember. This engine has been problematic. However, changes to Group Policy objects GPOs and logon scripts are made often, so you must ensure that those changes are replicated effectively and efficiently to all domain controllers.

FRS has limitations in both capacity and performance that causes it to break occasionally. Unfortunately, troubleshooting and configuring FRS is quite difficult. Client computers download GPOs and apply them in specific ways, so it is important for you to understand how Windows processes them so that you can identify when Windows is not processing correctly. By default, Windows computers download GPOs at startup and every 90 minutes thereafter, with a minute offset, so all domain-joined computers don't update at the same time.

This can be changed in Group policy. You also can force an update by running GPUpdate. Computer Configurations apply when the computer boots up, and the User Configuration applies when the user logs in.

The User Configuration settings apply to user accounts, and the Computer Configuration settings apply to computer accounts. Most importantly, if the user account and computer account are in different OUs, a single GPO may apply to the user who logs on, but not to the computer itself, and vice versa. Within the User Configuration and Computer Configuration, there are policies and preferences. Polices are Microsoft Windows configuration setting that are enforced on the client; preferences are settings that are applied to the client, but the user has the option to change them.

Preferences include a lot of desirable items such as drive mappings, desktop shortcuts, hardware configurations, and printer deployment. Best of all, a great majority of these preferences are available to both the user and the computer; and you can target these setting to a long list of GUI-based targeting criteria.

For example, a policy setting that is applied to an OU also applies to any child OUs below it. The local GPO is processed first, and the organizational unit to which the computer or user belongs is processed last. The last GPO processed is the effective setting. An individual GPO can have security filtering applied that controls which users and computers are able to apply the GPO.

By using security filtering, you limit a GPO to a specific group of users or computers. Link Enabled specifies whether Windows processes a specific GPO link for the container to which it links. When you do not enable a link, Windows does not process the GPO. This is typically done during troubleshooting when you want to disable processing of a GPO to eliminate it as a source of configuration errors.

The fact is when you simply unlink the GPO it reverses the settings that were applied. What was configured to be turned on will now be turned off, and vice versa. Before the GPMC was launched and we only had the old style group policy management tool, this un-linking would display a message saying something to the effect of: "Are you sure you want to do this? Your GPO will be reversed back to the default. It will indicate any errors and successes in group policy processing, when the next refresh of group policy will take place, and much more.

Perhaps you did not know that it can be run as a Standard User from the Desktop of the operating system they are running. Although gpupdate. Sure, I know you're saying, "Why not re-boot? If all works as it should, then Gpupdate executed at the command line will prompt the user for a reboot as it reads these types of changed policies. As a last resort for users who don't understand your instructions to run commands as above, then, yes, two reboots will usually be required: one to read the policy to pull it down, and one to apply the policy to the running computer.

Be aware that you can do the above procedure over and over again and still not get the results you are looking for. That's because the Client thinks it has already downloaded the Policy. For the more advanced AD Administrator there are other ways to force the client to read the policy.

Refer back to Tip-n-Tricks 2 and 3. Troubleshooting client configuration failures and GPO application issues is one of the most important and sometimes difficult problems IT Administrators face in our Enterprise Networks.

This article is composed from my real-world fixes for what can be one of the most bizarre and erratic settings in the Microsoft Operating Systems. Feel free to reach out and contact me with questions or comments, or for help with any of these tried and proven methods. My e-mail address is below. Happy Computing to All.

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